"THE HEART OF THE MATTER"
a special program of the National Emergency Medicine Association (NEMA)


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Transcripts: 570.4 & 570.5

Week: 570.4 Guest: Dr. Anthony Fauci, director, Nat'l Inst. of Allergy & Infectious Diseases Topic: AIDS, winning some of the battles (TWO PARTS) Producer/Host: Steve Girard

NEMA: AIDS...winning some of the battles...coming up...

SPOT: NEMA...the National Emergency Medicine Association... fights our worst health enemies - heart disease, stroke, trauma. Call 800-332-6362.

NEMA: The tremendous effect of new treatments against AIDS was shown as deaths from the immune system disease last year dropped 30% in New York City... our hardest hit area... but Dr. Anthony Fauci of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases says our view of the plateauing of this epidemic is misleading...

FAUCI: There are some sub-groups, within the whole, in which the epidemic still is raging and still accelerating - particularly among inner-city individuals, particularly women, minorities... people who are disenfranchised from the usual access to the kinds of health care we hope most people would have.

NEMA: Dr. Fauci says new drug combinations, treating the infections of AIDS before they occur, and prevention education... are all having an effect on the epidemic.

FAUCI: ... we can not let our guard down. And we can't assume now that everything is okay, because that's the easiest way of falling right back into an even more disastrous situation.

NEMA: The success of AIDS treatments is buying time for researchers to come up with even better weapons. I'm Steve Girard at The Heart of the Matter.

Transcripts:

Week: 570.5 Guest: Dr. Anthony Fauci, director, Nat'l Inst. of Allergy & Infectious Diseases Topic: The drugs behind the AIDS improvements Producer/Host: Steve Girard

NEMA: Successful AIDS drugs...coming up....

SPOT: For 15 years, the National Emergency Medicine Association has worked against stroke, heart disease and trauma. Join the effort, call 800-332-6362.

NEMA: AIDS deaths were down 30% during 1996 in New York City... hit hardest by the epidemic. Dr. Anthony Fauci of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases says it shows the power of new drug combination treatments....

FAUCI: Virtually every drug that's available for HIV targets a particular, vulnerable component of the virus in its life cycle. The AZT class of drugs, interferes with a particular enzyme that the virus needs in order to reproduce itself and that enzyme is called reverse transcriptase. Towards the end of the life cycle, the virus, when its getting ready to re-emerge from the cell that it has infected, it depends upon a particular enzyme to properly cleave different proteins. The drug that has been developed to inhibit that enzyme is called the protease inhibitor.

NEMA: Together, the two classes of drugs have made a big impact. Dr. Fauci says it's good to always have new drugs being developed for AIDS, because of the virus' ability to mutate. But he says we'll soon hear about accelerated efforts toward an vaccine for HIV. I'm Steve Girard at The Heart of the Matter.

 

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